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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of risk factors associated with disease damage

From: Risk factors for damage in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus in Asians: a case control study

Risk factors Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Age at diagnosis 0.88 (0.66–1.18) 0.40
Neuropsychiatric manifestations (during disease course) 14.59 (1.38–154.16) 0.03
Renal involvement (during disease course) 1.34 (0.20–9.06) 0.76
Total number of flares 1.09 (0.89–1.33) 0.43
Total number of episodes of major infection 1.54 (0.90–2.89) 0.11
  1. The presence of neuropsychiatric manifestations was the most significant risk factor for damage with an odds ratio of 14.59
  2. CI confidence interval
  3. The entries in boldface was the only statisitically significant risk factor (p-value < 0.05)