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Table 2 Biomarker vs. sex

From: Effects of age and gender on reference levels of biomarkers comprising the pediatric Renal Activity Index for Lupus Nephritis (p-RAIL)

Variable Male Female  
N Mean SD Upper limita N Mean SD Upper limita p-value
KIM-1 (pg/ml) 183 5.90 1.00 7.90 183 5.87 0.95 7.77 0.801
NGAL (ng/ml) 184 1.35 1.21 3.77 183 2.52 1.20 4.92 0.0001
MCP-1 (pg/ml) 182 5.28 0.98 7.24 178 5.14 0.97 7.08 0.162
HPX (ng/ml) 184 6.26 0.91 8.08 182 6.58 0.86 8.30 0.0005
CP (ng/ml) 184 5.98 0.70 7.38 182 6.16 0.56 7.28 0.007
ADP (ng/ml) 132 1.85 1.44 4.73 163 1.92 0.84 3.60 0.579
Creatinine (mg/dl) 184 4.70 0.78 6.34 183 4.60 0.71 6.02 0.196
MALB (mg/l) 184 2.42 0.99 4.40 182 2.57 1.03 4.63 0.174
  1. aUpper limit of normal = mean + 2 SD
  2. - All values are natural log