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Table 2 RCTs in juvenile arthritis

From: A systematic review of psychosocial therapies for children with rheumatic diseases

Citation N Age (years) Gender (%F) Study Design Intervention Comparison Group Duration of Treatment Additional Follow-up Pain Measure Pain Results Disability Measure Disability Results Jadad Score
Field T. et al. (1997) [18] 20 5–15 70 RCT Relaxation therapy (nightly, parent-guided) Daily massage 30 days None Visual Analogue Scale (0–10) (pain in the last week) Pre-post difference in relaxation group: 3.5 to 4.2 (+20%; p-value NS)    1
Pre-post difference in massage group: 4.8 to 1.6 (−67%; p < 0.05)
Between group difference of change scores: 3.9 (massage group with greater improvement; p-value not provided)
Lomholt J. et al. (2015) [19] 19 9–14 79 RCT with group randomization Weekly CBT sessions Wait-list control 8 weeks None Revised Faces Pain Scale (0–10). Higher score implies greater pain. Pre-post difference in CBT group: 3.1 to 4.1 (+32%; p-value NS) Functional Disability Inventory (0–60) Pre-post difference in CBT group: 11.4 to 11.7 (+2.6%; p-value NS) 2
Pre-post difference in control group: 2.7 to 2.7 (0%; p-value NS) Pre-post difference in control group: 9.8 to 9.2 (−6.1%; p-value NS)
Post-scores between groups adjusted for pre-scores: p-value NS Between group differences in change scores: 0.9 (control group with greater improvement p-value NS)
Stinson J. et al. (2010) [20] 46 12–18 67 RCT Internet-based education, relaxation and distraction Attention control 12 weeks None Recalled Pain Inventory (0–10) in past week. Higher score implies greater pain. [24] Pre-post difference in intervention group; 2.7 to 2.2 (−19%; p-value not provided) Juvenile
Arthritis Quality of Life Questionnaire (JAQQ) activity (0–7; higher score implies greater dysfunction)
Pre-post difference in intervention group; 2.4 to 2.0 (−17%; p-value not provided) 2
Pre-post difference in attention control 3.0 to 3.5 (+17%; p-value not provided) Pre-post difference in attention control 2.7 to 2.3 (−15%; p-value not provided)
Post-score difference adjusted for pre-score significant (favoring intervention group; p = 0.03) Post-score difference adjusted for pre-score: p-value NS