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Table 1 RCTs in juvenile fibromyalgia

From: A systematic review of psychosocial therapies for children with rheumatic diseases

Citation N Age (years) Gender (%F) Study Design Intervention Comparison Group Duration of Treatment Additional Follow-up Pain Measure Pain results (post-treatment) Disability Measure Disability results (post-treatment) Jadad Score
Kashikar-Zuck, S. et al. (2012) [22] 114 11–18 92 RCT Weekly CBT sessions Education group 8 weeks 4 months Visual Analogue Scale (0–10). Higher score implies greater pain. Pre-post difference in CBT group: 5.7 to 5.3 (−7%; p-value not provided) Functional Disability Inventory (0–60) Pre-post difference in CBT group: 21.4 to 16.7 (−22%; p-value not provided) 3
Pre-post difference in education group: 5.8 to 6.0 (+3%; p-value not provided) Pre-post difference in education group: 19.2 to 19.8 (+3%; p-value not provided)
Between groups difference of change scores: 0.6 (favoring CBT group; p-value not provided) Between groups difference of change scores: 5.3 (favoring CBT group; p-value not provided)
Kashikar-Zuck, S. et al. (2005) [21] 30 13–17 100 RCT (Crossover) Weekly coping skills training Self-monitoring (8 weeks of recording VAS scores) 8 weeks 8 weeks (to finish crossover intervention) Visual Analogue Scale (0–10) Pre-post difference in Group A (coping skills): 5.7 to 4.4 (−23%; p-value not provided) Functional Disability Inventory (0–60) Pre-post difference in Group A (coping skills): 21.0 to 15.1 (−28%) (p-values not provided) 3
Pre-post difference in Group B (self-monitoring): 5.3 to 5.9 (+11%; p-value not provided) Pre-post difference in Group B (self-monitoring): 21.9 to 16.6 (−24%) (p-values not provided)
Between group difference of change scores: 1.9 (favoring coping skills; p-value not provided) Between group difference of change scores: mean 0.6 (favoring coping skills; p-value NS)
  1. The crossover design assigned patients to coping skills first then self-monitoring or vice versa