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Table 2 Pain severity of intra-articular corticosteroid injections between treatment groups using Faces Pain Scale-Revised post-procedure scores

From: A randomized study of local anesthesia for pain control during intra-articular corticosteroid injection in children with arthritis

Patients Pain severity EMLA® or Numby® (n = 28) EMLA® or Numby® + Buffered Lidocaine (n = 35) P-value
All (n = 63) Mild 14 (50.0) 23 (65.7)  
  Moderate 10 (35.7) 11 (31.4) 0.2367
  Severe 4 (14.3) 1 (2.7)  
Male (n = 19)     
  Mild 7 (77.8) 7 (70.0)  
  Moderate 2 (22.2) 2 (20.0) 1.000
  Severe 0 (0.0) 1 (10.0)  
Female (n = 44)     
  Mild 7 (36.8) 16 (64.0)  
  Moderate 8 (42.1) 9 (36.0) 0.0260*
  Severe 4 (21.1) 0 (0.0)  
  1. All data entries are counts (percentages). Pain scores: Mild: (0–3.9); Moderate (4.0 –6.9); Severe (7.0 –10.0). *P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant