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Table 2 Cardiac tamponade as the presenting feature of childhood onset systemic lupus erythematosus

From: Cardiac tamponade as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report and review of the literature

  Reference Age (yrs) Sex SLICC criteria Treatment
1 Present case 10 F Serositis, low serum complement, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardiocentesis and oral steroids.
2 Sharda [23] 11 F Serositis, thrombocytopenia, low serum complement, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardiocentesis and oral steroids.
3 Yiallourides et al. [24] 14 F Hemolytic anemia, serositis, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardial drain insertion, oral steroids, intravenous methylprednisolone and two cycles of cyclophosphamide.
4 Arabi et al. [25] 9 M Serositis, nephritis, seizures, elevated ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardiocentesis with pericardial drain insertion, methylprednisolone pulse therapy followed by oral steroids.
5 Arabi et al. [25] 11 F Serositis, elevated anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardiocentesis, NSAIDs, oral steroids and antimalarial drugs.
6 Mohseni et al. [26] 14 F Diagnosed at autopsy; serositis, elevated ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Pericardiocentesis.
7 Kumar et al. [17] 17 F Serositis, hemolytic anemia, low serum complement, positive antiphospholipid antibody, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA titres. Aborted pericardiocentesis followed by surgical pericardiectomy, NSAIDs, IV methylprednisolone followed by oral steroid and antimalarial drugs
8 Saz et al. [27] 3 F Serositis, positive ANA. Pericardiocentesis and oral steroid.
9 Weich et al. [28] 15 F Serositis, leukopenia, positive anti-dsDNA titre. Pericardiocentesis with catheter placement, antituberculosis and oral steroid drugs.
10 Aiuto et al. [29] 14 F Serositis, nephritis, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA. Pericardiocentesis and oral steroids.
11 Gulati et al. [30] 8 F Serositis, low serum complement, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA. Pericardiocentesis, antituberculosis treatment and oral steroids.
12 Rudra et al. [31] 14 F Serositis, low serum complement, positive ANA and anti-dsDNA. Pericardiocentesis and oral steroids.
13 Lerer [32] 15 F Serositis, nephritis, positive ANA. Pericardiocentesis followed by surgical pericardiectomy and oral steroids.