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Table 3 Frequency and agents used for sedation during intra-articular corticosteroid injections

From: Anesthesia for intra-articular corticosteroid injections in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: A survey of pediatric rheumatologists

Method Percent
Midazolam (IV) 39.5
Midazolam (oral) 9.0
Propofol 19.0
Fentanyl or vistanyl 19.0
Ketamine 12.0
Gas (sevoflurane, nitrous oxide, isoflurane, halothane) 30.0
Other 16.0
  1. * Use of more than one sedative for IACI was reported by 60% of responding physicians.