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Table 2 HRQOL of parents of children with JIA compared with Dutch norm data

From: Health related quality of life and parental perceptions of child vulnerability among parents of a child with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: results from a web-based survey

  JIA parents (n = 167) Norm group (n = 425)  
HRQOL n Mean SD n Mean SD p
Daily activities 167 83.53 24.95 420 85.26 21.37 .44a
Aggressive emotions 167 88.82 18.64 421 87.57 16.41 .17a
Cognitive functioning 167 79.90 26.30 421 78.74 24.69 .32a
Fine motoric functioning 167 92.37 19.63 422 96.82 9.14 <.001a
Gross motoric functioning 167 84.96 23.04 423 87.95 20.84 .30a
Pain 167 68.08 26.90 424 72.07 22.32 .16a
Positive emotions 167 67.96 21.99 422 66.57 19.93 .30a
Sexuality 167 87.28 23.14 405 84.72 23.58 .25a
Sleep 167 67.44 27.50 423 70.81 25.38 .19a
Social functioning 167 89.78 14.00 421 83.59 20.07 .001a
Depressive emotions 167 75.45 22.34 423 78.55 19.52 .18a
Vitality 167 60.53 24.62 423 63.36 22.63 .39a
  1. a = Analysis of variance, with parental age and educational level as covariates.