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Table 2 Association of pain with BMI Z-score and obesity

From: Adolescent obesity, joint pain, and hypermobility

  1. Unadjusted 2. Adjusted
Pain Covariate OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Musculoskeletal BMI-Z-score 0.99 0.72 - 1.36 1.01 0.64 - 1.58
Lower Extremity BMI-Z-score 1.10 0.73 - 1.66 0.98 0.56 - 1.72
Musculoskeletal Obesity 0.96 0.64 - 1.44 0.86 0.49 - 1.50
Lower Extremity Obesity 1.29 0.75 - 2.33 1.02 0.49 - 2.15
  1. Adjusted for sex, age, race, Tanner stage, hypermobility and physical activity.
  2. Odds ratios (OR’s) > 1 indicate increased odds of having any musculoskeletal pain or lower extremity pain. OR’s <1 indicate a decreased odds of having any musculoskeletal pain or lower extremity pain. Results are considered statistically significant if the 95% Confidence interval (CI) does not include 1.