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Table 2 Demographic and disease characteristics of child and youth participants

From: Developing a standardized approach to the assessment of pain in children and youth presenting to pediatric rheumatology providers: a Delphi survey and consensus conference process followed by feasibility testing

  Children aged 4-7 years (n = 20) Youth aged 8-18 years (n = 77)
Characteristic M ± SD n (%) M ± SD n (%)
Age (years) 5.9 ± 0.9   13.5 ± 3.1  
Gender     
   Female   12 (60.0)   49 (63.6)
   Male   8 (40.0)   28 (36.4)
Primary Diagnosis     
   Juvenile idiopathic arthritis     
Enthesitis related   0 (0.0)   10 (13.0)
Oligoarthritis   3 (15.0)   6 (7.8)
Polyarthritis (RF negative)   3 (15.0)   13 (16.9)
Polyarthritis (RF positive)   1 (5.0)   4 (5.2)
Psoriatic   1 (5.0)   3 (3.9)
Systemic   0 (0.0)   6 (7.8)
Unknown subtype   3 (15.0)   3 (3.9)
   Juvenile dermatomyositis   2 (10.0)   5 (6.5)
   Systemic lupus erythematosus   0 (0.0)   4 (5.2)
   Other   2 (10.0)   16 (20.8)
   Not yet diagnosed   1 (5.0)   7 (9.1)
Visit type     
   Follow-up   17 (85.0)   63 (81.8)
   New patient   3 (15.0)   14 (18.2)
Duration of pain (years) 2.1 ± 1.6a   5.3 ± 4.3  
Physicians disease severity rating (10 cm VAS) 2.1 ± 2.1b   2.4 ± 1.8c  
  1. a, data are for n = 19 children; b, data are for n = 14 children; c, data are for n = 44 youth; RF = rheumatoid factor; VAS = visual analogue scale.
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