Volume 6 Supplement 1

15thPaediatric Rheumatology European Society (PreS) Congress

Open Access

Attacks of severe dysmenorrhea as the sole manifestation of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF)

  • A Vitale1,
  • F La Torre1,
  • C Caruso2,
  • C Fede1 and
  • G Calcagno1
Pediatric Rheumatology20086(Suppl 1):P177

DOI: 10.1186/1546-0096-6-S1-P177

Published: 15 September 2008

Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease (MEFV gene) characterized by recurrent fever and inflammatory serositis. Although majority of patients have random pattern of attacks, some reports described precipitating factors. A literature review indicated that FMF attacks occurring only during menstruation are rarely seen. We report the cases of three patients with severe dysmenorrhoic pain as unusual clinical presentation of FMF. They were 3 females with a mean age at onset of 12 years. They never had typical attacks of fever and abdominal or chest pain, but they suffered from regular and severe dysmenorrhoic pain. Leukocytosis and C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation were noted during these attacks in all patients. Unlike dysmenorrhoea, none of these patients' attacks responded to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The diagnosis of FMF was based on typical clinical and laboratory features. On investigation of MEFV, M694V was the most frequent mutation

All patients responded well to colchicine, and amyloidosis was not documented in any patients.

In conclusion, we suggest that gynecologists must be aware of FMF in the differential diagnosis of dysmenorrhoea or endometriosis especially in the people of Mediterranean origin.[1]

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Rheumatology
(2)
Department of Gynecological, Obstetrical Sciences and Reproductive Medicine

References

  1. Akar S, Soyturk M, Onen F, Tunca M: The relations between attacks and menstrual periods and pregnancies of familial Mediterranean fever patients. Rheumatol Int. 2006, 26 (7): 676-9. 10.1007/s00296-005-0041-z.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Vitale et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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